REGISTER FOR THE WORKSHOP: How to write in Braille?
The writing and reading system for the blind known as Braille was designed by Louis Braille in the 1930s.
Braille is a dotted alphabet for the blind. For the formation of characters 6 dots are used, placed in 2 columns of 3 dots, of which 63 characters can be obtained by various combinations. From one or a combination of two or more six-dots we obtain a particular letter, mathematical sign, note sign, or punctuation mark.
The dots inside the six-dot are numbered. The left vertical consists of points 1, 2 and 3, and the right of points 4, 5 and 6.
Braille is written using an awl tablet, a mechanical typewriter, and more recently a computer.
Table and awl
The table consists of 2 folding parts between which writing paper is placed. At the top of the table there are rectangular openings through which letters are pressed with an awl into hemispherical recesses on the lower base. What a pencil is to the sighted, the awl is to the blind. Each rectangular opening is intended for one six-dot combination.
Double-sided Prague table / Awl
You write by pressing an awl from right to left, letter by letter. When the text is written, the paper is removed from the table. In order to read the text, it is necessary to turn the paper so that the letters can be read in relief with your fingers. It is read from left to right.